Polonia dating de
In 1109, Prince Bolesław III Wrymouth defeated the King of Germany Henry V at the Battle of Hundsfeld, stopping the German advance into Poland.The significance of the event was documented by Gallus Anonymus in his 1118 chronicle.The establishment of the first Polish state can be traced to AD 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of the realm coextensive with the territory of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity.The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented its longstanding political association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin.Up until the creation of Mieszko's state and his subsequent conversion to Christianity in 966 AD, the main religion of West Slavic tribes that inhabited the geographical area of present-day Poland was Slavic paganism.With the Baptism of Poland the Polish rulers accepted Christianity and the religious authority of the Roman Church.
These groups are identified as Celtic, Sarmatian, Scythian, Slavic, Baltic, and Germanic tribes.
In 1000, Boleslaw the Brave, continuing the policy of his father Mieszko, held a Congress of Gniezno and created the metropolis of Gniezno and the dioceses of Kraków, Kołobrzeg, and Wrocław.
However, the pagan unrest led to the transfer of the capital to Kraków in 1038 by Casimir I the Restorer.
Throughout the Iron Age it became extensively diverse, with various cultures and tribes settling in what was then East Germania.
However, it was the Western Polans who dominated the region and gave Poland its name.